How solar can help to stabilize electric grids
SolarPower Europe launched its "Grid Intelligent Solar - Unleashing the Full Potential of Utility-Scale Solar Generation" report, which shows that solar is not only the lowest cost power source in many regions and crucial to meet EU climate targets, but also a reliable partner that helps to keep the grid stable and supports Europe's security of supply.
Utility scale solar can provide grid reliability
Stefan Degener, Managing Director at First Solar and Board member of SolarPower Europe, said "Solar PV has transitioned from being a renewable energy option to the responsible energy option. This report points to the fact that utility-scale solar PV provides grid reliability and flexibility services that are even more effective than conventional power plants in some cases, if the project is designed inclusive of advanced plant controls. With utility-scale solar PV now cheaper than conventional fossil fueled energy and electricity generation assets, it is now simply irresponsible for decision makers to opt for carbon-emitting 'old energy' sources like coal or gas."
1,400 GW of solar installed in Europe by 2050
SolarPower Europe anticipates in its Global Market Outlook 2018-2022 a 2-digit market growth in Europe in the coming years. Solar is ready to play a major role in the European Union meeting its 32% renewables target by 2030. In its New Energy Outlook 2018, Bloomberg NEF expects an 87% renewables scenario in 2050 in Europe, with 1,400 GW of solar installed, contributing to around 36% of total power generation. The bulk of solar, over two thirds, is expected to come from utility scale power plants.
Huge demand of corporate power sourcing from large-scale solar
Michael Schmela, Executive Advisor & Head of Market Intelligence at SolarPower Europe, said "Today's leading EU solar markets have missed to tap the potential of utility-scale solar so far - tendered solar capacities are usually too small, regulatory frameworks are often inadequate to support the huge demand of corporate power sourcing from large-scale solar. This needs to be fixed to enable the over 1,100% solar capacity growth to 1,400 GW in 2050 forecasted by Bloomberg from 114 GW end of 2017 in Europe."
Grid flexible solar PV plants
In order to prepare for large-scale adoption of solar power, advanced solar markets need to leave the solar 1.0 phase behind, when utility-scale PV plants have mostly been installed with the intention to maximise individual system yields. It is now about solar 2.0 - that's grid flexible solar PV plants integrated into the energy system.
Right market design to support security of supply
Aurélie Beauvais, Policy Director at SolarPower Europe, said "With the right market design, utility-scale solar is ready to support Europe's security of supply, with a stronger accuracy than conventional generation assets - such as coal and gas. Ahead of the next energy trialogue meeting to be held on the 5th of December, the introduction of an ambitious carbon limitation (550g/t CO2) in capacity remuneration mechanisms from 2021 onwards will be key to unlock this potential."
Storage can provide dispatchable solar capacity
While solar can already achieve significant grid penetration economically without storage, quickly decreasing stationary battery cost enables the solar 3.0 phase, where storage provides dispatchable solar capacity. The new report of SolarPower Europe provides case studies about the first utility-scale solar projects with battery storage that provide ancillary and other grid services. (HCN)
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