Dominating nuclear power as a barrier for energy storage in France
What new markets are opening up for energy storage right now? What are the main drivers? How does the future of utilities look like? And what are the special situation of the French market and the current needs of the French industry? 20 speakers addressed these and other questions and presented concentrated knowledge about today’s topics of highest interest.
Four sessions for maximum knowledge transfer
The session topics ranged from policy frameworks to insights from R&D institutions to the presentation of successful business models and included two exciting panel discussions. The presentations were full of the latest and most relevant findings from the industry:
Amongst others, Nicolas Poinsot, France Sales Engineer, Energy Storage Solution at Socomec presented its promising evolution of off grid microgrids. Integrating renewable energies and the simultaneous shutdown of diesel generators takes time – energy storage is not necessary from the beginning of this evolution but vital in the last steps.
Opportunities of a sustainable battery value chain
Pablo Ralon, Associate Programme Officer at IRENA showed that a sustainable battery value chain offers opportunities for Europe to lead on many fronts. Key actions for this are local manufacturing, using synergy potentials between renewable energies and electric mobility, as well as the recycling of storage systems. Ralon said that Europe’s power mix which presently consisted of 24% from renewable sources and 76% from others was set to flip to around 85% from renewables by 2050. He stated also that he saw V2G — vehicle to grid — technology as being “hugely important” in the way that the world’s energy mix will balance itself. This was a view that was echoed by other speakers during the summit. IRENA anticipates that by 2050 there will be some 965 million EVs on the world’s roads and 57 million electric buses.
Other topics that dominated discussions in this highly useful set of talks and presentations included the latest thinking on virtual power plants and the creation of the so-called digital utility. Eberhard Löffler, Sales Manager at sonnen GmbH announced that future ecosystems will all be decentralized.
New role also for EDF
The role of the existing utility, France’s energy giant EDF, was discussed. Unlike most other European countries, which have a number of independent utilities, almost all electricity in France comes through EDF. “The situation for utilities could change enormously,” said Kerstin Pienisch, manager for international business development at Next Kraftwerke. “In a virtual power plant the new utility doesn’t own the assets but manages them. The shift for the industry is the move towards production to consumption. It’s a radical way to organize things.”
Business cases for second life batteries
Perhaps the liveliest discussions came after Christophe Bourgueil, in charge of energy storage business development at Eaton, gave a presentation entitled Building the Case for Behind the Meter Energy Storage. Most of the audience are aware that to date recycling large scale lithium car batteries is a cost rather than a source of revenue, so business cases for second life batteries were of great interest.
Actively involving the participants
The organizers ees Europe and IBESA set themselves the goal of actively involving the participants, so all sessions were open to audience participation and lively discussions. The breaks were also an invitation to network and promoted a good exchange of knowledge and the establishment of new, Europe-wide contacts between like-minded people. Xavier Romon, Chief Marketing Officer, Zinium (A 100% EDF Subsidiary) commented: “I was very pleased to participate at the EES & IBESA summit last oct 24th in Strasbourg. The presentations were very interesting and of good quality” and also French-speaking participants, such as Serge Heidinger, Sales Manager France – Luxembourg- Western Switzerland from Renusol Europe GmbH expressed their satisfaction with the event: « J’ai beaucoup apprécié les thèmes et la qualité des intervenants de ce premier sommet ees & IBESA à Strasbourg. »
France as early mover for solar plus storage
The French situation is interesting in that the country was one of the first to see the economic advantages of solar+storage when in most parts of the world interest was confined to technical studies and trial projects. In France, however, an immediate application was found for deployment on its overseas territorial departments. As early ago as 2012 solar farm projects were being developed on the Pacific island of Réunion and there was talk of several hundreds of megawatts of electrical storage that would be planned.
The first concrete projects including involvement with major players such as Saft emerged the year afterwards. The economic cases for these projects — essentially that solar+storage is far cheaper than the use of diesel to power gensets — turned out better than expected. For a while France was a leader in early experiments of micro-islanding.
Dominating nuclear power in France as a barrier
By contrast, as the summit clearly showed, the growth of renewables+storage was as one of the first speakers pointed out, at best, “stable” in mainland France. The reason for this could be summed up in two words — nuclear power. Some 75% of France’s electrical power comes from its 58 nuclear reactors dotted across the country. The price of electricity is a fraction of what it costs in Germany, for example, making the drive to combining renewables and storage as an expensive alternative.
Problems with the insurance of storage installations
Particularly in the summit’s first session, problems with the insurance of storage installations in France were addressed by the audience and discussed with the experts on stage. Nevertheless, everyone was aware that massive investments in alternative energies are needed in France, to meet the government’s goal of decreasing nuclear energy production to 50% of the electricity mix. This way France already became one of the top 4 European energy storage markets, paving the way for even more storage opportunities and becoming the ideal place for energy storage experts and professionals to meet. (HCN)
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